Pakistan is a country in South Asia and belongs to an Indo-Iranian speaking community. It is bordered by Iran to the west, Afghanistan to the north, China to the northeast, and India to the southeast. Also, the Arabian Sea is located in the south of Pakistan. According to Wikipedia, it is the fifth largest country in the world with a population of 225,275,134. With a total area of 881,913 km2 (340,509 sq mi), it is the 33rd largest country in the world by area. pakistan is rich for thatstunning lakes,majestic mountain ranges, lush gardens andstunning deserts. Regarding its culture, tradition and religion, it is the country with the second largest Muslim population in the world. Economically, Pakistan has grown steadily over the past few decades. Geographically, the Indus Plain is located in central Pakistan. There are thousands of informative and shocking facts about Pakistan that people are unaware of. In this blog, we will tell you interesting facts and figures about the provinces of Pakistan.
Some people said Pakistan has four provinces, others said five. As recently as November 2020, Prime Minister of Pakistan Imran Khan announced Gilgit-Baltistan as the fifth province of Pakistan. Below we have listed the five provinces of Pakistan.
List of 5 provinces in Pakistan
- Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
These provinces refer to the sub-national administrative units of the country that play an important role in the government of Pakistan.
Punjab is located in eastern Pakistan, known as the East Pakistan Province. Punjab, with a total area of 205,344 km², 08 divisions and 34 districts, is bordered by Sindh province to the south, the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir to the northeast, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east, Balochistān and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the west and Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan and Azad Kashmir to the north. The famous city of Lahore is the capital of Punjab. The word Punjab derives from the Punjabi language, which means "five waters" or "five rivers". These five streams represent the land drained by Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej. With 110 million inhabitants, Punjab is the most populous province in Pakistan. Punjab is mostly flat, but there are some mountain ranges in the northwest and southwest. There is also a plateau overlooking the mountains known as the Potohar Plateau. The majestic "Cholistan Desert" is also located in the southeastern part of the city. Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multan and Gujranwala, all these major cities of Pakistan are located in the Punjab region. It consists of four main languages: Punjabi, Saraiki, Hindko and Urdu. Let us take a look at the main factors of Punjab:
Facts about Punjab:
- It is a land of five rivers.
- Punjab is larger in the region than Kyrgyzstan
- It has the highest literacy rate in Pakistan at 59.3%.
- Seven different languages are spoken (Punjabi, Majhi, Saraiki, Hindko Urdu, English, Sindhi)
- The oldest mosques and gardens from 1524 to 1739 are found in the Punjab region.
- The second largest salt mine in the world, the Khewra Salt Mine, is located in Islamabad in the Punjab region.
- It is a state divided into two countries, Pakistan and India.
Sindh is located in the southeast of Pakistan. It is bordered by Balochistan and Punjab to the north, the Arabian Sea to the south, and the Indian states of Gujarat and Rajasthan to the east. The Thar Desert is also located in the eastern part of Sindh. It is basically a part of the Indus River and is named after the Sindhu River. With a total area of 54,407 square miles (140,914 square kilometers), Sindh was incorporated on 1 July 1970.
Karachi, located on the southwestern coast, is the capital of the Sindh province in Pakistan. It is the heart of the ancient Indus Valley civilization, as described in the Mohenjo-Daro sites. Topographically, Sindh consists of three parallel belts, including the Kīrthar Range to the west, the central floodplain traversed by the Indus River, and the desert belt to the east. With a total of 07 divisions, 30 districts and a population of 47.9 million, Sindh is the second largest province in Pakistan by population. Seven different languages are spoken in Sindh: Sindhi, Lasi, Urdu, Kutchi, Thari, Balochi and Saraiki.
Facts about Sind:
- Sindh is known as the gateway to Islam in the Indo-Pakistani subcontinent.
- Natural resources like coal, natural gas, crude oil, and gasoline are found in Sindh.
- Agriculture is the backbone of Sindh's economy
- Sindh's overall literacy rate is 60%.
- 35% of rural Sindh community is literate
- About 60% of the population is illiterate.
3. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is also known as KP. It is the northernmost frontier province, formerly North West Pakistan. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the west and north, Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan to the east and northeast, Punjab to the southeast, and Balochistan to the southwest. The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA): a set of ethnically homogeneous areas located on the western border of KP with the Afghan border. The oldest and most historical city of Pakistan "Peshawar" is the capital of KP. With a registered population of 35,525,047 in 2017, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is Pakistan's fourth largest province by population. Composed of 7 divisions, 35 districts, and a total area of 101,741 km2 (39,282 sq mi), KP is the third largest province by area. The region is made up of majestic mountain ranges, foothills and plains surrounded by impressive hills. Due to its geographical proximity to the Khyber Pass, the region has witnessed numerous invasions and many empires.
Facts about Khyber Pakhtunkhwa:
- It is the third largest province of Pakistan by population and economy.
- Geographically, it is the smallest province in Pakistan.
- It is the historical site of the ancient kingdom of Gandhara.
- In 2014, approximately 929,859 people were displaced from North Waziristan to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as a result of Operation Zarb-e-Azb.
- It is divided into three parts, populated areas, FATA (Federally Administered Tribal Areas) and PATA (Provincially Administered Tribal Areas).
- The literacy rate is 50%.
- Several languages are spoken (Khowar, Hindko, Kohistani, Shina, Torwali, Kashmiri, Kalasha, Farsi and Kaghani).
Balochistan is located in the southwest of Pakistan. In terms of land or area, it is the largest province in Pakistan. Balochistan was supposed to be "the land of the 'baloch'".
It is bordered by Iran to the west, Afghanistan to the northwest, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the northeast, Punjab to the east, and Sindh to the southeast. With a current population of 12.34 million, 07 divisions and 33 districts, Balochistan is the city of the Baloch community. It was established as a province of Pakistan in 1970. Quetta is the capital of Balochistan. It is dominated by natural resources such as natural gas fields. It is made up of four physical regions including the Highlands, Lower Highlands, Plains, and Deserts. After Quetta, Turbat is the second largest city in southern Balochistan. Balochistan is well known among the people for its diverse culture and desert climate.
Facts about Baluchistan:
- It is located among the three countries of Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan.
- It consists of 40% of all of Pakistan.
- The highest temperature, 53 °C (127 °F), was recorded on May 26, 2010 in Sibi, the city of Balochistan.
- Only 27% of women are literate, which is the lowest rate in the world.
- Many small businesses are limited to cotton and wool production (carpet manufacturing, textile and leather embroidery).
Gilgit-Baltistan was founded in 1948 and has a total area of 72,971 km2 (28,174 sq mi). It was formerly known asnorthern areas of pakistan. It also forms the northern division of Greater Kashmir. It is bordered by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the west, Afghanistan to the north, Azad Kashmir to the south, China to the east and northeast, and the Indian territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the southeast. Gilgit-Baltistan occupies a total area of 72,520 square kilometers with a population of 1.8 million in 2015. It is the fifth mountainous province of Pakistan. In the previous year, 2020, it was declared a province of Pakistan by the current Prime Minister Iman Khan. Gilgit-Baltistan is an important place for tourism. Countless domestic and foreign tourists visit this region every year. It is home to the five "eight thousand" as it is made up of fifty high peaks. It has 03 departments and 14 districts. Balti, Shina, Wakhi, Burushaski, Khowar, Domaki, Urdu are the languages spoken in this region.
Facts about Gilgit-Baltistan
- Gilgit-Baltistan is located between the Karakorum and the Himalayas, the highest mountains in the world.
- The Baltoro, Batura and Hispar glaciers are the largest glaciers in Gilgit-Baltistan.
- More than six languages are spoken.
- There are several majestic hill stations in Gilgit-Baltistan.
- Baltistan was once part of Greater Tibet and known as "Little Tibet".
- There was a cannibal king (Sheri Badad) who loved to eat the flesh of newborn human babies.
- Islam reached Baltistan in the 15th century, and Islam entered the Gilgit region in the 16th century.
- Polo is the national sport of Gilgit-Baltistan
So those were the 5 provinces of Pakistan and their interesting facts. You can also read our blog about it.The hill station in Pakistan.
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The administrative structure of Pakistan presently comprises four provinces at first-order level (ADM1); Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh plus the Islamabad Capital Territory. Additionally, there are the two parts of Pakistan-administered Kashmir: Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan18.What are the 5 provinces of Pakistan? ›
The administrative structure of Pakistan presently comprises four provinces at first-order level (ADM1); Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh plus the Islamabad Capital Territory. Additionally, there are the two parts of Pakistan-administered Kashmir: Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan18.What are the details of provinces of Pakistan? ›
The administrative units of Pakistan comprise four provinces, one federal territory, and two disputed territories: the provinces of Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Balochistan; the Islamabad Capital Territory; and the administrative territories of Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit–Baltistan.What are the 5 provinces of Pakistan and their capitals? ›
|Islamabad Capital Territory||Federal Territory||Islamabad|
Pakistan has 5 provinces: Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit Baltistan.Which province is most important in Pakistan? ›
Punjab has the largest economy in Pakistan, contributing most to the national GDP. The province's economy has quadrupled since 1972. Its share of Pakistan's GDP was 54.7% in 2000 and 59% as of 2010.Does Pakistan have 4 provinces of 5? ›
Pakistan has four provinces North West Frontier, Sindh, Punjab, Province and Balochistan. Each Province is further divided into districts.How many total provinces are there in Pakistan? ›
Pakistan is a federation of four provinces, a capital territory and federally administered tribal areas. Pakistan's Provinces: Balochistan*, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (also known as North-West Frontier Province - NWFP*), Punjab, and Sind(h).What is the old name of Pakistan provinces? ›
The names of two provinces were slightly modified in 1990 – Baluchistan became Balochistan and Sind became Sindh. In 2009, the Northern Areas changed its name to Gilgit–Baltistan. In 2010, the North West Frontier Province changed its name to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.Which province is smallest in Pakistan? ›
Punjab is the biggest province of Pakistan by population and Balochistan is smallest province by Population.
The head of each province is a non-executive Governor appointed by the President. The Governors play a similar role, at the provincial level, as the President does at the federal level. Each province has a directly elected unicameral legislature (provincial assembly), with members elected for five-year terms.Where are the provinces of Pakistan? ›
Karachi is located in the south of the country on the Arabian Sea coast and is the largest city. Islamabad is the nation's capital and is located in the Himalayan foothills. Pakistani has 4 provinces which include Punjabi, Balochistan, Sindh, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.Why is Pakistan called Pakistan? ›
Rahmat Ali explained: "It is composed of letters taken from the names of all our homelands, Indian and Asian, Panjab, Afghania, Kashmir, Sindh, and Baluchistan." He added that "Pakistan is both a Persian and Urdu word... It means the land of the Paks, the spiritually pure and clean."How many provinces are there? ›
In the course of time, all the other British possessions in North America joined or were integrated into the Canadian federation, under circumstances specific to each. Today, Canada includes ten provinces and three territories.What is the meaning of provinces? ›
: an administrative district or division of a country. provinces plural : all of a country except the metropolises.What Pakistani province means the five waters? ›
Although the name Punjab is of Persian origin, its two parts (پنج, panj, 'five' and آب, āb, 'water') are cognates of the Sanskrit words, पञ्च, pañca, 'five' and अप्, áp, 'water', of the same meaning. The word pañjāb thus means "The Land of Five Waters", referring to the rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, and Beas.Which is the most beautiful province in Pakistan? ›
Nevertheless, in our opinion, the most beautiful and interesting regions of Pakistan are in the autonomous territory of Gilgit-Baltistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province.Which province is more educated in Pakistan? ›
|3||Islamabad||Islamabad Capital Territory|
The data shows that literacy rate is higher in urban areas (76 percent) than in rural areas (51 percent). Province wise data suggests that Punjab leads with 63 percent followed by Sindh with 60 percent, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with 53 percent and Balochistan with 44 percent. The details are given in Table 10.1.How many languages are spoken in Pakistan? ›
The 2022 edition of Ethnologue lists 77 established languages in Pakistan. Of these, 68 are indigenous and 9 are non-indigenous.
Pakistan has one of the largest contiguous irrigation systems in the world, known as the Indus Basin Irrigation System (IBIS). The System comprises six major rivers, that is, the Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Kabul, and their catchments.Which is the 2 biggest province of Pakistan? ›
Punjab is Pakistan's second largest province, after Balochistān, and the most densely populated. Area 79,284 square miles (205,345 square km).How many Muslims in Pakistan? ›
c. ~230 million (2021 est.)Which provinces have most population in Pakistan? ›
Punjab is the biggest province of Pakistan by Population and Balochistan is smallest province by Population.What is the name of Pakistan oldest city? ›
Peshawar is the capital and the largest city of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Peshawar's history dates back to at least 539 BCE, which makes it the oldest city in Pakistan, also one of the oldest cities in South Asia.Which Indian states became Pakistan? ›
The Dominion of India is today the Republic of India, and the Dominion of Pakistan—which at the time comprised two regions lying on either side of India—is now the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the People's Republic of Bangladesh.Which provinces are poor in Pakistan? ›
By and large, the poorest districts of Pakistan are belonging to Baluchistan (i.e., Sherani, Kohlu, Chaghi, and Dera Bugti) and Sindh (i.e., Badin, Umerkot, Tando Muhammad Khan, and Tharparker) provinces; however, districts of Punjab (i.e., Lahore, Rawalpindi, and Gujranwala) province are found relatively lower asset- ...Which city is most beautiful in Pakistan? ›
Bahawalpur is the most beautiful city in Pakistan to visit. Many fascinating and noteworthy historical sites can be found in this lovely city. The Noor Mahal, Darbar Mahal, Sadiq Ghar Palace, Abbasi Mosque, Gulzar Mahal, Lal Sohanra, and Bahawalpur's spectacular Central Library will all be featured on history tours.
The highest rainfall of 620 millimetres (24 in) was recorded in Islamabad on 23 July 2001. That record-breaking rain fell in just 10 hours.Who runs Pakistan? ›
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This is a list of the heads of state of Pakistan, from the foundation of Pakistan in 1947 to the present day. The current head of state of Pakistan is Arif Alvi, elected in 2018 after being nominated by PTI, the party run by Prime Minister Imran Khan.How many rivers are there in Pakistan? ›
The five rivers of Pakistan are Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sultej and Indus. River Jhelum is nearly 774 kilometres long and is the tributary of River Chenab. Jhelum originates from the south-eastern part of Kashmir valley and flows through Srinagar before entering Pakistan.What are the 4 regions of Pakistan? ›
The traditional regions of Pakistan, shaped by ecological factors and historical evolution, are reflected in the administrative division of the country into the four provinces of Sindh, Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Balochistan, each of which is ethnically and linguistically distinct.What are the 7 provinces of Pakistan? ›
- 3.1 Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
- 3.2 Balochistan.
- 3.3 Gilgit Baltistan.
- 3.4 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
- 3.5 Punjab.
- 3.6 Sindh.
Dera Ghazi Khan abbreviated as D. G. Khan, is a city in Pakistan's Punjab province, a very central city, at the junction of all four provinces of Pakistan.What religions are in Pakistan? ›
Details. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics released religious data of Pakistan Census 2017 on 19 May 2021. 96.47% are Muslims, followed by 2.14% Hindus, 1.27% Christians, 0.09% Ahmadis and 0.02% others. These are some maps of religious minority groups.Which country is more beautiful India or Pakistan? ›
According to the study, India took the number one spot on the most attractive nationalities list while Pakistan came on the 27th.What is the nickname of Pakistan? ›
- COUNTRY NICKNAMES 🚩ASIA 🇵🇰Pakistan - The Land... | Facebook.Why did Pakistan split from India? ›
'The Long Partition'
Crudely, this was a division based upon religious affiliation, with the creation of a Muslim majority in West and East Pakistan and a Hindu majority in India. Between 500,000 and 2 million souls perished as a result of the ensuing upheaval and violence. 80,000 women were abducted.
- British Columbia.
- New Brunswick.
- Newfoundland and Labrador.
- Northwest Territories.
- Nova Scotia.
There are 10 Canadian provinces, with three territories to the north. The provinces are, in alphabetical order: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan.What is 8 provinces? ›
The eight (8) rays represent the 8 provinces that triggered the Philippine Revolution and which were put under martial law during the Spanish occupation. These provinces are Manila, Bulacan, Pampanga, Cavite, Batangas, Laguna, Tarlac, and Nueva Ecija.What are the two types of provinces? ›
Under the empire (from 27 bc), provinces were divided into two classes: senatorial provinces were governed by former consuls and former praetors, both called proconsuls, whose term was annual; imperial provinces were governed by representatives of the emperor (called propraetorian legates), who served indefinitely.What are 11 provinces? ›
Upon the partition of British India into the Dominion of India and Dominion of Pakistan, eleven provinces (Ajmer-Merwara-Kekri, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bihar, Bombay, Central Provinces and Berar, Coorg, Delhi, Madras, Panth-Piploda, Orissa, and the United Provinces) joined India, three (Baluchistan, North-West ...Is a province a city or a country? ›
A province is an area of land that is part of a country, similar to a state or a county. It can also be an area of land under political control by an outside country, similar to a colony.What is the old name of Punjab? ›
The region was originally called Sapta Sindhu, the Vedic land of the seven rivers flowing into the ocean. The Sanskrit name for the region, as mentioned in the Ramayana and Mahabharata for example, was Panchanada which means "Land of the Five Rivers", and was translated to Persian as Punjab after the Muslim conquests.Are there Punjabis in Pakistan? ›
With an estimated national population of 243 million in 2022, ethnic Punjabis thus number approximately 108.5 million in Pakistan; this makes Punjabis the largest ethnic group in Pakistan by population.What is Punjab Pakistan famous for? ›
Punjab is also the site of the Katas Raj Temples, which feature prominently in Hindu mythology. Several of the World Heritage Sites listed by UNESCO are located in Punjab, including the Shalimar Gardens, the Lahore Fort, the archaeological excavations at Taxila, and the Rohtas Fort, among others.What is the richest area in Pakistan? ›
The capital of Pakistan, Islamabad is perhaps the most costly city in Pakistan. The cost of land was rarely low here. At first, the old town of Islamabad was more costly than the newly, created areas. Monetarily talking, essential business sectors are much more exorbitant than nearby business sectors.
By comparison, Pakistan's domestic tourism industry is estimated at 50 million tourists who travel in the country on short trips usually between May to August. The largest inflow of tourists are from the United Kingdom, followed by United States, India and China.What is the poorest state in Pakistan? ›
Three of Pakistan's four provinces–Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan are regarded to be underdeveloped based on their Human Development Index.Which province has the largest Hindu population in Pakistan? ›
Umerkot district (52.15%) is the only Hindu majority district in Pakistan. Tharparkar district has the highest population of Hindus in terms of absolute terms. The four districts- Umerkot, Tharparkar, Mirpurkhas and Sanghar hosts more than half of the Hindu population in Pakistan.Which province of Pakistan has least literacy rate? ›
The literacy rate ranges from 82% in Islamabad to 23% in the Torghar District. Literacy rates vary by gender and region. In tribal areas female literacy is 9.5%, while Azad Kashmir has a literacy rate of 74%. Pakistan produces about 445,000 university graduates and 25,000–30,000 computer science graduates per year.Which city of Pakistan is called city of education? ›
Lahore city of Pakistan is called the "City of Colleges" because this city has the greatest number of colleges and universities. Punjab University was also established in this city before the partition of India and Pakistan.Which city in Pakistan has 100% literacy rate? ›
Rasool Pur Village in Pakistan Boasts 100% Literacy & No Crime! Rasoolpur is a village with a population of just 2000. Most of its residents are ethnic Baloch whose ancestors migrated from Pakistan's Balochistan province to Southern Punjab. It is located in Rajanpur district in the Seraiki speaking region.Which city has best literacy rate in Pakistan? ›
Literacy remains much higher in urban areas than in rural areas and much higher in men than in women. Islamabad with 84 percent leads all districts in terms of literacy and Kohlu with 9 percent lags behind all districts in terms of literate population 10 years and older.Which is biggest caste in Pakistan? ›
Punjabis. Punjabis are an Indo-Aryan ethnolinguistic group associated with the Punjab region in South Asia. They are the largest ethnic group of Pakistan.Which province is called Heart of Pakistan? ›
|Lahore لہور لاہور|
|Nickname(s): The Heart of Pakistan, Paris of the East, City of Gardens, City of Literature (by UNESCO)|
|Lahore Location within Pakistan Show map of Lahore Show map of Punjab, Pakistan Show map of Pakistan Show map of Asia Show all|
|Coordinates: 31°32′59″N 74°20′37″E|
The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that there were 629,946 U.S. residents of Pakistani descent living in the United States in 2021.
Jat Sikh (also known by the more conventional endonym Jatt Sikh) are an ethnoreligious group and a sub-group of the Jat people and the Sikh religious group from the Indian subcontinent. They are one of the dominant communities in the Punjab owing to their large land holdings.What caste are Pakistani Punjabis? ›
Castes and tribes
The major tribes of West Punjab (Pakistan) are the Jats, Rajputs, Arains, Gujjars and Awans. Prior to the partition in 1947, major tribes of West Punjab also included the Khatris, Aroras and Brahmins. While in East Punjab (India), Jats are almost 20 per cent of East Punjab's population.
|Named for||Pakistan (country)|
Population: The total Population of Pakistan is 207,774,520 according to 2017 census. Pakistan is 5th biggest country of world by Population. Punjab is the biggest province of Pakistan by population and Balochistan is smallest province by Population.What was Pakistan named after? ›
Rahmat Ali explained: "It is composed of letters taken from the names of all our homelands, Indian and Asian, Panjab, Afghania, Kashmir, Sindh, and Baluchistan." He added that "Pakistan is both a Persian and Urdu word... It means the land of the Paks, the spiritually pure and clean."Which city is called Paris of Pakistan? ›
Karachi was being described as 'The Paris of Asia' and it became one of the cleanest cities in South Asia till 1920s.What is the old name of Lahore? ›
Old Names of Lahore
Lohawar is probably correct form of its original name. This name is in conformity with “Loh-Kot”, a name mentioned in the Rajput Chronicles meaning “Fort of Loh”.
|Mandi Bahauddin منڈی بہاوالدین|